Agriculture

PEAT BASED HUMIC ACID SALTS
Water soluble crystals for soil and foliar application
Ex works New Jersey:
Wholesale > 10MT Wholesale < 10MT
USD 1330/MT USD 1463/MT
Leave a request SAMPLES (0.7kg; 3kg) ON
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The proper raw material

The lack of standardization leads to the vast presence of poor-quality humic substance products on the market, which eventually discredit the whole sector of humic substances products.

Fibric peat, plants, and lignosulfonates are commonly-used raw materials of humic substance preparations. However, they consist of more than 50% non-humic organic matter; humic substances in these materials have not fully formed yet. Other manufacturers use lignite (leonardite) raw materials, which, despite relatively high levels of humic substances, have a low index of carboxyl (-COOH) and hydroxyl (-OH) groups. These are the functional chemical compounds of humic substances, which determine transportation and sorption capacity, thus the products efficiency.

The PEAT BASED Group uses exclusively high-quality raw materials in its production: lowland sapric peat.

Sapric peat consists of more than 90% humic organic matter. The presence of carboxyl (-COOH) and hydroxyl (-OH) groups is 1.5 - 2 times higher than in coal (leonardite). Correspondingly, the transportation and sorption capacity of sapric peat preparations are significantly higher.

Additionally, lowland peat is rich in natural fulvic acids (> 10% according to ISO19822), macronutrients (nitrogen, calcium, sulfur, magnesium), and micronutrients (iron, manganese, zinc, copper, bromine) in an accessible for uptake form.

The gentle technology

Currently, existing manufacturing technologies of dry water-soluble humic preparations imply aggressive methods of extraction, processing, and drying of the material, which correspondingly results in reduced cost and quality. Humic acids are fragile polydisperse structures, which may be destructured to aromatic carboxylic acids. The reaction spectrum of aromatic carboxylic groups is significantly lower than that of humic acids. Thus adsorption, ion exchange rate, and transportability (macro and micronutrients) are substantially decreased.

The PEAT BASED company's focus is to preserve the molecular structures of humic substances during production. A gentle manufacturing technology implies reduced temperature (below 70 ℃) and pH values (below 12), and high hydronic modulus       (97% water), resulting in higher net-prices and premium quality products.

With compliance to these indicators, the natural concentration of soluble humic substances in the solution cannot exceed 3%. A higher concentration indicates that non-humic organic matter is present due to low-quality raw materials or incorrect technology that destruct humic substances to non-humic organic matter (aromatic carboxylic acids).

Respectively to the gentle manufacturing technology, evaporation uptakes a large amount of energy. The PEAT BASED company possesses self-established bio-energy facilities, allowing the company to produce premium-quality products at pertinent prices.

Advantages

Water-soluble, active humic, and fulvic acid-based growth stimulants and organic soil conditioners are used for agricultural and garden plants in form of soil and foliar application.

They are applicable both as independent preparations and combined with any fertilizers and pesticides after a trial mixing. Contemporary, the principal feature of humic substances-based products is their transportability and the ability to accelerate the contact between the crops and mineral fertilizers.

  • Instantly improve the absorption of nutrients by plants and the effectiveness of soil fertilization
  • Increase the resistance of plants to stress to droughts, salts, cold, and heat
  • Stimulates root growth and yield formation
  • Increase the buffering and cation exchange capacity of soils
  • Stimulates the formation of fertile, microbially active soils
  • Improves soil structure and increases its water retention capacity
  • Increases seed germination and promotes root development
  • Increase yields and improve plant quality, improve soil structure and increase water retention capacity
  • Increases and stimulates beneficial microorganisms
  • Increase the cation exchange capacity of the soil
  • Act as natural chelators of trace elements in alkaline soils and increase their availability to plants

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF POTASSIUM HUMATE COMPARED TO SODIUM HUMATE FOR AGRICULTURE?

COMPANY MESSAGE:
Many manufacturers worldwide add sodium alkaline during the production process of potassium humate to lower the cost. This practice is highly irresponsible since using sodium elements for agriculture is fundamentally wrong as it is harmful to plants and soil.

On the other hand, potassium is an essential macro element needed for plant growth and roots development resulting in higher yields and better crop quality.

Our company follows strict principles and high-quality standards. We guarantee that no elements of sodium alkaline are added during the production of potassium humate.

Sodium Negative Effects

  • When plants absorb sodium or chloride ions, they change the structure and function of the cell membrane. In case the concentration of sodium ions in the plant is too high, calcium ions in the cell membrane are replaced by sodium ions. As a result of changing the ion types, synthesis, decomposition of nucleic acids and proteins are imbalanced. Which seriously affects the growth and development of plants.
  • High accumulation of sodium salts in cells causes the solidification of protoplasts which results in chlorophyll destruction and sharply decreased photosynthesis. Additionally, the starch decomposition will result in an increase in sugar and swelling pressure in cells. It will eventually lead to stomatal dilatation and a large amount of water loss.
  • Sodium ions increase the osmotic pressure of soil causing a water uptake decrease. The water deficit results in cell dehydration, plant wilting, and plant cell death.

Potassium Positive Effects

  • In the photosynthesis process, potassium regulates the opening and closing of stomata and therefore regulates CO2 uptake.
  • Potassium triggers the activation of enzymes and is essential for the production of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP). ATP is an important energy source for many chemical processes taking place in plant issues.
  • Potassium plays a major function in the regulation of water in plants (osmoregulation). Both uptakes of water through plant roots and its loss through the stomata are affected by potassium.
  • Potassium is known to improve drought resistance.
  • Protein and starch synthesis in plants require potassium as well. Potassium is essential at almost every step of protein synthesis. Potassium activates the enzyme responsible for starch synthesis.
  • Activation of enzymes – potassium has an important role in the activation of many growth-related enzymes in plants.
Liquid vs Dry Humate
Peat VS Leonardite

Specifications

Method ISO 19822/HPTA Colorimetric CDFA
Humic Acid 49.15% 60.4% 67.19%
Fulvic Acid 10.46% 11.9%
Overall concentration of humic substances 59.61% 72.3%
Test Results
Particles' size <100µm
Humidity (W) 8.6%
Dry matter 91.4%
pH (1:100) 9-9.5
Compound K2O / Na (total content) ratio on request 14%
Natural macro and microelements
Nitrogen 2.10% Iron 0.20%
Calcium 2.60% Manganese 0.05%
Sulfur 0.50% Zinc 0.01%
Magnesium 2.30% Copper 0.01%

PEAT BASED Group tests its products according to the world standardized method of determination of humic and hydrophobic fulvic acid concentrations in fertilizer materials: HPTA method (ISO 19822: 2018).

Most suppliers and manufacturers use the incomplex colorimetric method to determine the humic and fulvic acid concentration. This method shows more favorable results. However, it is not suitable to define non-humic substances such as lignosulfonates. Following the quality standards, PEAT BASED regulates by the current international standard for the determination of humic and fulvic acids from a quality control point of view.


Application recommendations

Soil 8 - 10 KG / ha divided into several applications (1.3 - 2 KG / ha) during the vegetation period
Foliar 20 - 30 G / 100L (0.2 - 0.3 %) water every two weeks during the vegetation period
Substrates 300 G - 500 G / m3
Seed treatment 0.1 % or 100 G / 100 KG seed dressing according to thousand grain weight (T.G.W.)
Hydroponics 20 - 30 G / 1000 L nutrient solution during the cultivation cycle

Before using the supplement, make sure that the pH of the working solution does not exceed the maximum allowed value (8.5)!

RECOMMENDED APPLICATION RATES

Soil 6 - 10 kg/ha divided into several applications (1 - 2 kg/ha) during the vegetation period
Foliar 15 - 30 g/100 L water every two weeks during the vegetation period
Substrates 0.1 - 0.5 kg/m³
Seed Treatment 0.1 % or 100 g/100 kg seed dressing according to thousand grain weight (T.G.W.)
Hydroponics 10 - 30 g/1000 L nutrient solution during the cultivation cycle

* These are standard-recommendations that can vary according to soil properties, cultivated crop and local system conditions.

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